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Copyright 1996-2011. Robert W. Riley, Jr. All rights reserved.

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Mangroves offer significant and unique habitat to birds, mammals, crustacea, and fish populations through a complex marine food chain, creation of breeding habitat, and establishment of restrictive areas that offer protection for maturing offspring. In addition, mangroves contribute to improved water quality by filtering and assimilating pollutants, stabilizing bottom sediments, and protecting shorelines from erosion."mangrove.org provides methodology and technology in mangrove afforestation, restoration and habitat creation. The organization contributes to solutions for poverty, hunger, environmental degradation and pollution. Mangroves provide an opportunity to develop a sustainable economic base for indigenous populations where basic natural resources are scarce. From an abundance of sand and salt water, mangroves feed livestock that supply milk and protein vital to native coastal inhabitants. Mangroves planted in non-native environments offset the ongoing deforestation and other anthropogenic factors that result in global ecological degradation.
Research was undertaken to develop and define a methodology for establishing reproductively mature, self-sustaining, mangrove-stabilized shorelines.
Photos and video clips illustrate mangroves planted with Riley Encased Methodology (REM) for shoreline stabilization and erosion control. Articles published in peer review journals include mangrove habitat creation and restoration as-well-as large scale mangrove afforestation with humanitarian goals. Photos include mature mangroves planted with REM showing the various stages of mangrove plant development from isolation through the adaptation process (videos require RealPlayer software). Ecology travel or ecotravel and ecotourism is offered in the environmentally rich mangroves of Playa Palo Seco, Costa Rica. Opportunities to participate in mangrove habitat creation and restoration projects is also offered in Palo Seco, on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Information on habitat dynamics and the ecological importance of mangroves is provided with links to mangrove planting projects. Empirical evidence of mangroves and mangrove forests created with REM methodology and technology are described with accompanying photographic evidence. A brief summary of the Mangrove Replenishment Initiative is given in Spanish.